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The teaching of Phonics begins in Nursery and Reception and continues in Years 1 and 2 as children are introduced to alternative graphemes, letter known sounds and begin to learn some of the
more complicated spelling rules.  Phonics is taught on a daily basis and children follow the Letters and Sounds programme which is an approach to teaching phonics in which individual letters or letter sounds are blended to form groups of letters or sounds, and those groups are then blended to form complete words

Sessions are lively, fast-paced and fun. In a session, children are taught phonemes and shown how these are written as a grapheme. Tricky words are introduced weekly and these are consolidated through reading and writing. There are lots of opportunities to speak and listen, as well as to read and write the sounds.

At the end of Year 1 children are required to sit the Phonics Screening Check to assess their ability to segment and blend words. Children are presented with 40 words – a mixture of real and pseudo words and they are expected to apply their Phonics knowledge to read the words. If children are unsuccessful in Year 1, they have the opportunity to retake the test in Year 2. Intervention groups are set up for those children requiring additional support with their Phonics learning and this additional support will continue in Key Stage 2 if necessary.

Phonics websites

  • Oxford Owl has lots of information and guidance for parents/carers
  • Phonics Play has a selection of interactive games for all phonic phases. Mostly simple games.
  • ICT Games  has a great selection of games that link well with games in

Letters and Sounds

  • Letters & Sounds has printable resources for each of the Letters and Sounds phonic phases.
  • In this site letter names come up in alphabetical order
  • Words & Pictures has useful Apps for tablets:
  • Hairy Letters is a useful app with interactive activities which we use at school.
  • Letter School is a good app for practicing letter formation. You can purchase the full version, or download the free version (LetterSchool Lite), which contains all the features of the full version for a subset of letters and numbers here.

Files to Download